History



The first implementation of Community Innovation Survey Questionnaire began with a pilot research with limited number of questions. CIS-Light (1993), was followed by CIS2 which took place in 1999, with the participation of many countries except Greece and Ireland. The third survey CIS3 was performed in 2002; Norway, Iceland, Luxembourg and Greece were among the countries that did not participate in the study for this time.

CIS4 (2005) is important in terms of the beginning of innovation statistics compiled biennial. 25 European Union (EU) members, Iceland, Norway and Bulgaria were among the countries that participate in the survey. Along with this period, the research started to be applied for three years periods with reference to 2002-2004.

The fifth research CIS2006 was carried out in 2007. 26 EU member countries, Iceland, Norway and Croatia attended in CIS 2008 and the reference period was three years. In this period, the third edition of the Oslo Manual (2005), which is the main source for compiling the innovation statistics, was taken into account. In the same period, innovations with environmental benefits was first revealed.

The seventh and eighth studies were carried out in 2011 and 2013, respectively. In these periods, the scope of the survey has been expanded by including new questions to the model questionnaire. In 2015, in addition to the existing questions, eco-innovation part which was applied earlier, has been examined new or important developed products (goods or services), processes, organizational or marketing methods providing environmental benefits.

Innovation survey for Turkey was first carried out for 1995-1997 (in parallel with CIS-2) compatible with Oslo manual and Eurostat questionnaire. From this year onwards, the survey has been performed regularly biennial for three years.

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