Concepts and Definitions

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Age: Completed age of the person. Declaration of the person is taken into consideration. However, month of birth and year of birth variables show the situation in the administrative register. Therefore there may be differences in age for some individuals.

Median age:
The age of the person in the middle when all the persons in the population are arranged in ascending order. In this aspect, half of the population is younger than this age and half of it is older than this age. 

Median age = I+ (((N/2) -f) / fmed ) *  i

Where;

I

:

The lower limit of the median age group

N

:

Total population

f

:

Total population of age groups below the median age group

fmed

:

The population of median age group

i

:

The size of median age group interval

Total age dependency ratio: The number of persons at "0-14" and "65 and over" age groups per hundred persons at "15-64" age group.

Youth dependency ratio: The number of persons at "0-14" age group per hundred persons at "15-64" age group.

Elderly dependency ratio: The number of persons at "65 and over" age group per hundred persons at "15-64" age group.

Migration: Migrated population is defined as the people whose locality of usual residence in the census date is different from the locality of usual residence one year prior. Population 1 year of age and over is covered.

Irrespective of the duration, persons who changed the locality because of the military obligation and convictness and resided in a different locality for attending boarding schools like regional boarding schools and secondary education dormitories are not included in the migrated population.

According to the coverage of "migration" that was explained above, in the institutional places application, migration questions were not asked to the persons residing in the military barracks and the prisons.

Usual Residence: The address that have been lived in for 12 months or more, or is planned to be lived in for 12 months or more.

Migration between localities: It is defined as the population who migrated between province centers, district centers and towns-villages. The migration movements between the districts centers of the same metropolitan municipality are not covered.

Migration within province: It is the movement between the localities within a province (district centers of metropolitan municipalities are not covered).

Migration across provinces: It covers the movements across provinces. Difference between migration across localities and provinces gives the movement across localities within the same province.

Immigration: It is defined as the people who reside within the country on the census date, but was residing abroad one year ago.

In-migration: Migrated population who arrive a specific province from other provinces.

Out-migration: Migrated population who depart from a specific province to the other provinces.

Net migration rate: It is the number of net migration per thousand persons who are able to migrate


m(.i-i.) = [(M.i-Mi.)/(Pi,t+n-0.5*(M.i - Mi.))]*k

 

Where;

m(.i-i.)

:

Net migration rate

M.i

:

In-migration

Mi.

:

Out-migration

M.i - Mi.

:

Net migration

Pi,t+n

:

Population one year or older residing in "i" at the time "t+n"

i

:

The place in which migration is defined

k

:

Constant (k=1000)

Age specific migration rate: It is the number of migration at a given age per hundred persons who are able to migrate at the same age.

Household: One person or group of persons with or without a family relationship who live in the same dwelling. People who reside in different kinds of living quarters (office, hotel, pension, guesthouse etc.) were considered as households too.
In this study, "household-dwelling" concept was used. Anyone living in the same dwelling (tenant, employee, friend etc.) has been accepted as members of the same household.

Average size of households: The average number of persons in a household.
Average size of households = (Total population of households)/ (Total number of households)

Marital status: Marital status is categorized as never married, married, widowed and divorced. It covers 15 years of age and over population. Declaration of the respondents were taken into consideration instead of legal situation.
              
Educational attainment: The educational attainment of all persons who are 6 years of age and over are coded according to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED, 1997) and given in 7 main categories and 6 main categories (combining vocational training school, faculty, master, doctorate in "higher education" category) in the tables.  In the year 1997 compulsory education was extended to 8 years instead of 5 years.  Together with this regulation, primary school education was ended and new 8 year system was called as "primary education".

Proportion of literate population: Number of persons who can read and write per hundred persons 6 years of age and over.

Disability: Disability questions were formed based on UN led "Washington Group" recommendations who develop disability questions for censuses and surveys.

At the same time, these questions are in accordance with International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) which is developed by World Health Organization.

In the Population and Housing Survey 6 functions were questioned and these questions were expected to be answered by one of the following options: ‘No difficulty, Yes, some difficulty, Yes, a lot of difficulty or Can not do at all’. In these questions self evaluation of the respondent was considered.

For questions except the ones regarding seeing and hearing, difficulty in function was questioned without taking into consideration any assisting equipment. Questions regarding seeing and hearing were directed to all ages where for others only those that are 3 years or older were covered. Difficulties that dure a period shorter than 6 months (such as fractures of the hand or arm, ear or eye surgery) were not taken into consideration for all types of disabilities.

When proportion of disabled was calculated, the proportions of persons who declared that they cannot do at all or have a lot difficulty in the related function were considered.

Population who have at least one type of disability: 3 years of age and over population who declared to have a lot of difficulty or not being able to do at least one of the functions regarding disability.

Persons who have difficulty in seeing: Persons who declared to have a lot difficulty in seeing or not being able to see at all even if using glasses or contact lenses were covered.

Persons who have difficulty in hearing: Persons who declared to have a lot difficulty in hearing or not being able to hear at all even if using a hear aid were covered.

Persons who have difficulty in speaking: Persons who declared to have a lot difficulty in speaking such as speech impairment, lalopathy, stammering, etc., or not being able to speak at all are covered.

Persons who have difficulty in walking or climbing stairs: Persons who declared to have a lot difficulty in walking or climbing stairs or not being able to do any of these at all are covered.

Persons who have difficulty in holding or lifting something: Persons who declared to have a lot difficulty in holding or lifting something or not being able to do any of these at all are covered.

Persons who have difficulty in learning, doing simple calculations, remembering or concentrating when compared to peers: Persons who declared to have a lot  difficulty in learning, doing simple calculations, remembering or concentrating when compared to peers or not being able to do any of these at all are covered.

Working age population: Household population and population residing in institutional places who are 15 years of age and over.

Labour Force:
It comprises employed and unemployed working-age population.

Employment: It comprises all working age population who is economically active during the reference week (last week of September 2011) for at least one hour as a regular employee, casual employee, employer, self employed and unpaid family workers; and all regular employees, employers and self-employed persons who have a job but not at work in the reference week for various reasons are considered as employed.

Indicators on labour force: While calculating the indicators on labour force, all working age population was taken into account.

Unemployed: Working age population who were not employed during the reference period, and ensuring the following conditions are defined as unemployed.

1. Not having a job (not working as a regular or casual employee, employer or self employed even for one hour) in the last week of the September 2011.                              

2. By using at least one channel, seeking for a job to work as regular or casual employee, employer or self employed in September 2011.

3. To be able to start working within 2 weeks following the reference date if finds a job.

Population not in labour force: It is working age population not employed in reference period and who are neither unemployed nor employed. The population not in labour force are classified as following sub-groups;
           
Homemaker: Persons not seeking a job or who are not available for work because of cooking, dishwashing, cleaning facilities at home and taking care of the children, elder or patient family members.

Education/training: Persons not seeking a job or who are not available for work because of attending regular school or training.

Retired:  Persons not seeking a job or who are not available for work because of being retired.

Unable to work: Persons not seeking a job or who are not available for work because of being disabled, ill or elderly.

Other:  Persons not seeking a job or who are not available for work because of family or personal reasons and income recipients (rent, interest, etc.)

Labour force participation rate: It indicates the proportion of the population in labour force to the working age population.

Employment rate: It indicates the proportion of the population in employment to the working age population.

Unemployment rate: It indicates the proportion of the unemployed population to the population in labour force.
Economic activity: Economical activity of the employed persons are coded according to the  International Standard of Economic Activities in the European Union (NACE Rev.2) and given as 18 categories for basic tables.

Employment status: The employment status of the employed persons are classified according to International Classification on status in Employment (ICSE, 1993).

Regular or casual employee: The persons who work at somebody else's job in order to get an earning in kind (goods) or in cash (money) with wage or salary.

Employer: The person who employs at least one wage earner or casual employee at his own work place.

Self employed: Persons who are working for an income either in kind (good) or in cash (money) at his own business, field, vineyard, garden, grocery, office, workshop, repair-shop, etc. on his own or with unpaid family workers (without employing anybody with wage or daily wage).

Unpaid family worker: Persons who are working at a business managed (owned) by a household member and performing activities for the market, without being paid, but not as a partner of the business.

Occupation: Occupation of the employed persons are coded according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08) and results are presented by 9 main groups. In this field, instead of main occupation, person's responsibility (occupation) at his/her workplace is given.

Live birth: The births where the child lives at least a few minutes and shows evidence of life like crying, breathing or moving.

Building and Dwelling

Building: It is a detached construction including one or more dwellings or offices, closed with a ceiling or a roof and covered by walls from base to the ceiling used for housing, industry, trade, education and other purposes. Buildings are divided into two categories as residential and other (non-residential). A building should be regarded as residential building when more than half of the floor area is used for dwelling (including empty dwellings, dwellings of building keepers, summer/seasonal houses) purposes.

Number of floors in the building: It is the total number of floors in the building including basement, ground storey, normal storeys and roof. The underground storeys, which are under the street level are also included in the number of floors.

Construction year of the building: Refers to the year, when the building was completed or started to be used as residential.
Dwelling: A dwelling is a house or apartment consisting a room or suite of rooms and its accessories (corridor, entrance, etc.) in a building or structurally separated part thereof which by the way it has been built, rebuilt, converted, etc., is intended for private habitation.

Room: A "room" is defined as a space in a housing unit enclosed by walls reaching from the floor to the ceiling or roof covering, at least to a height of 2 meters above the ground, of a size large enough to hold a bed for an adult (4 square meters at least) and at least 2 meters high over the major area of the ceiling.

 Thus, normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, habitable cellars and attics, servants' rooms and other separate spaces used or intended for habitation all count as rooms if they correspond to the definition above. But whatever their width, kitchen, bathroom and toilet are not considered as a room.

Kitchen: It is a place, which is surrounded with walls and a ceiling with a separate door and used for cooking and washing up including cupboards for kitchen items.

Piped water system: It is a system (like tap) providing flowing water which is connected to the water supply network or to a special system like a water tank.

Toilet: It is a place, which has a separate door and surrounded with walls where the body urine and excrement or dirty water flows to a main canal, to a septic cavity or to outside by a piped drainage system.

Bathroom: It is a place where is surrounded with walls; has a separate door, a path for the flow of contaminated water; allocated for bathing and appropriate place for washing the entire body.

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