Income distribution indicators are needed for not only just the economic reasons but also to enable to make a good evaluation (according to the social justice and equivalance) of the various social systems. Inequity and poverty on income distribution are the most serious problems of the world and the income distribution problems are started to appear not only just the economic but also the political and social problems anymore. With the studies on monitoring the income inequality variation, it has needed to produce data for new notions like “poverty of social opportunity” by reducing the income distribution problem to the poverty problem (income poverty).

TURKSTAT has produced income distribution statistics by using Household Budget Survey (HBS) from 1987 till 2005. After the second survey application which was in 1994, from 2002 on the survey has carried out yearly and estimations were produced on the level of Turkey, urban, rural and SR Level-1. Last income distribution news bulletin which includes HBS results was in 2005.

“Income and Living Conditions Survey” has been started to carried out yearly by using panel survey technique for displaying the income distribution between individuals and households, measuring the living conditions of the people, social exclusion and poverty with the income dimension, and determining the profile for 2006. The aim of the survey which is started to apply in the frame of European Union Compliance Programme is to produce data on income distribution comparable with the EU Countries, relative poverty by income, living conditions and social exclusion.

Respondents in the sample are monitored during four years in this survey where the panel survey technique is used and field application is carried out regularly in every year. Two kind of data set including cross-sectional and panel data are get from the survey each year.

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